Monthly Archives: August 2017

Engineering Universities in the World

Engineering is one of the most lucrative career options, and it has attracted aspiring young men for a long time. With average salary in the range of $60,000 to $80,000, it promises financial stability and respectable life to aspiring candidates. There are certain universities in the world which are known all-over the world for their excellence and infrastructure. While it may not be possible to mention all these universities in this article, we will take a look at the top 10 universities in the world to study engineering.

World’s Top Engineering Universities

1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology was founded in 1861 by William Barton Rogers. Just two days after the MIT’s charter was approved, Civil War began and Rogers had to wait for another four years so that students can enroll in the institution. Today, the MIT campus is spread over 168 acres and draws thousands of applications from all over the world. It has produced 73 Nobel prize winners, out of which nine are members of the current 1,017 strong faculty.

2. Stanford University
Stanford University was founded by Leland Stanford in remembrance of his son who died at a ripe age of sixteen years. Its alumni include the founders of Google and Hewlett-Packard. The School of Engineering was founded in 1925 and today it is home to about 4,000 students and 241 faculty members. The courses of computer science, electrical engineering and mechanical engineering are sought-after.

3. University of California, Berkeley
The Berkeley engineering college initially offered mechanics, civil engineering and mining, when it was incorporated in 1868. It has produced several luminaries including Rube Goldberg, the famous cartoonist and Douglas Engelbart who invented the mouse. Today, the Berkeley engineering is one of the best rated schools around the world.

4. Georgia Institute of Technology
The College of Engineering is one of the largest school in the Georgia University, offering numerous degree programs. The faculty strength is 442, out of which 26 are National Academy of Engineering members. The College of Engineering is consistently ranked among the top-five colleges for engineering in the world.

5. University of Illinois-Urbana-Champaign
The College of Engineering at Illinois is one of the best institutes in the world. The courses offered include nuclear engineering, plasma engineering and radiological engineering. There are more than 2,500 graduate students at the College of Engineering which are thoroughly assisted by the Career Service Office in their job search. Besides, a cash prize of $30,000 is given to the student who proves to be the most innovative in technology.

6. University of Cambridge
The Department of Engineering at Cambridge University has Europe’s best engineering colleges. It was founded in 1875 and since then it has grown to the largest integrated engineering departments in United Kingdom. It has around 1,000 undergraduate students and 340 faculty members, which includes 200 research staff.

7. Imperial College London, UK
Imperial College in London is another great institution to study engineering. With a research income of more than £60 million (approximately. $98,000,000.00) and 1,200 staff members, Imperial Colleges is one of the best places to study engineering outside America.

Oldest University

There have been learning centers available for students for many centuries, ever since knowledge started spreading, but not all olden learning centers can be classified as universities. A college is an institution that grants learning degrees, whereas a university is a collection of many such colleges granting various degrees. The classification and definition of a university differs from country to country. For example, in the United States, an educational institution that undertakes research work is given this title. In the United Kingdom, the Further and Higher Education Act of 1992 grants power to the Privy Council to confer this title upon an institution. Basically, it means an institution of higher education (both undergraduate and postgraduate) and research, which confers degrees upon its students.
There were two universities which came before all the old ones that are functioning today, although these two are not in existence anymore. One of these universities was Takshashila and the other one was Nalanda.
Takshashila
Location: Currently in Pakistan
Founded in: 600 BC
It prospered greatly from 600 BC to 500 AD. It is said to be the world’s first proper university. It was present during the time of the Gandhara kingdom. Students from all over, including Babylon, Greece, China, and Syria came to learn there. The subjects that were taught included the vedas, warfare, surgery, grammar, medicine, archery, accounts, politics, futurology, astronomy, music, documentation, dance, the occult, and many more. These were taught by experienced people who had mastered them greatly. It was located in the northwest of the then Bharat (now India). Chanakya was one of the students of this university.

Nalanda
Location: Bihar, India
Founded in: 500 AD
This university was in operation for 800 years from 500 AD to 1300 AD. It had a campus that was a mile long and half a mile wide. There were 300 classrooms and laboratories, and such other facilities. It also had an observatory known as the Ambudharaavlehi and a massive library known as Dharma Gunj. The entrance exam that needed to be given to get admission into this university was said to be extremely tough, with the number of students clearing it being only 3 out of 10. This institution was destroyed by invaders.
The following is a list of some of the oldest universities in the world that are functioning even today.
University of Al-Karaouine
Location: Fes, Morocco
Founded in: 859 AD
Also known as the University of Al-Qarawiyyin, it was founded in 859 AD by a woman called Fatima Al-Fihri. Located in Fes, Morocco, this is the oldest Madrassa in the world, and is revered by the Muslim world in particular. It is a great spiritual and educational center. It focuses mainly on Islamic religious and legal sciences. The Guinness Book of World Records has recorded it as the oldest continuously-operating degree-granting university.

Leadership Activities for High School

The school is a place where a child can learn much more than the structured courses included in the curriculum, provided the right training is given. There are many leadership ideas for high school students which can help develop their confidence and make them assertive. As self-awareness is the key to development, leadership activities help in self assessment and personality development. Developing these skills in children from the high school days is very important.

Various leadership activities for students can inculcate personal assessment, and help develop potential leadership skills along with a sense of responsibility and identifying their leadership style.

Defining the term leadership is a difficult thing to do. However, it could be described as the process by which one influences people in order to get them enlisted in an activity for achieving a particular objective.

The participants for this activity could be from a minimum of 4 to 20 at the most. It takes around 1 hour to complete this activity. The objective of conducting this leadership activity is to help the participants identify their development needs and work towards the path of personal development. The activity is started with a group discussion on self assessment followed by a questionnaire to be completed by the participants. The questions included in the questionnaire could be such that they test a person’s behavior. One can prepare his own list of questions for the test (for example, which thing holds more importance to you, self-esteem or power). The questions may or may not be provided with multiple-choice options. The participants should be asked to work in pairs and carry out the assessment of their peers. This leadership activity enables the participants to identify their strengths and weaknesses. It is necessary for a leader to understand his strengths and weaknesses before thinking about leading a group or a team. The ‘Learning to Lead’ activity thus, proves to be the first step in the development of leadership in students.

The students are divided into groups of three in this activity. Objective of the activity is to enable the students to share their experiences and build rapport. A list of situations is provided to the students and they have to think of an experience similar to these situations. Here is a list of some of the situations provided to the participants:
Something that generated a great deal of excitement.
A pleasant surprise.
A creative twist on a situation or issue.
An ‘Aha’ moment.
A clever improvisation.
A really tough situation.
A breakthrough insight or solution.
A conflict resolved.
An emotional situation.
A blindside experience.

High School Learning Skills

Tips to Improve High School Study Skills

Create a Schedule
The primary step to effective studying is to make a schedule and follow it. This will include allocating how many hours and which part of the day you will spend studying. Among the vital factors for students, is the ability to prepare a schedule that takes into consideration the time you will spend doing assignments or homework, as well as manage to include some real study time over and above this. Try to ensure that your study time takes place after you have rested, so that you are fresh, alert, and are able to absorb what you study. You will also see that studying at the same time every day will help you to focus and concentrate better. It is also a good practice to study the same portion that was covered in class during the day, as it will be fresh in your mind. It is also important to keep revising this schedule, to make it more effective over time.

Where to Study
It is important to pick a place to study that will help you concentrate. Any place rife with distractions will cause you to waste a significant part of your study time. The spot you pick to study should be austere, without the presence of any jarring colors, pictures, or loud sounds. Apart from the place you pick at home, libraries, study lounges, and private rooms are also good options.

Compressing
Another key step in creating good study material is to compress a portion of information to about one-third of its original size, including only the important dates. This method, that also applies to study skills for middle school, makes reviewing and revising very easy.

Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review
High school as well as middle school study skills include this method; often referred to as SQ3R. The first step is to survey and involves chalking out all that needs to be covered (make subheads and points) and getting a general understanding of the subject. Next, you can categorize material and learn it as answers to questions such as what, why, how, when, who and where. As you study, ask yourself questions and seek the answers in your material. You are more likely to remember it using this method. You can also make your notes following this format. The next crucial step is reading, which must not be a mechanical process, but a receptive one. Ensure that you include tables, graphs, and illustrations, while reading. The next step is reciting which will tell you how effective your reading has been. One way to do it is read one section, and then explain it to yourself (without looking at your book), to check how much you have retained. The importance of doing this is that information is better retained in your own words. If you have sorted the information into main headings and sub points, they will come in handy here, as they pop up in your head while you are recalling, and help you piece together all that you have read. The last step, reviewing, is often the most important one. It is often said that information that appears before us a few times, gets transferred from our temporary memory to our permanent one. One needs to review and revise any material about three times, before it firmly takes root in our minds.