Helpful Teaching Strategies for Reading

Effective Strategies
To start with, one must know the language relatively well. Phonics are very important, as they help you connect with the sounds of every letter or group of letters, hence, clubbing them together to produce the correct pronunciation of the unknown words. The instruction begins with phonics, and kids learn to read simple text even before they complete the phonological knowledge. Composition of sentences, phrases, pronunciation of words, spelling and punctuation follows the phonological study. Prefixes, suffixes, compound words, and other parts of speech come in next. You need not master the language, but at least get the basic crux of the language to make it interesting. The comprehending part is the most tough, because you cannot expect anyone to comprehend certain things in the way you comprehend them. Some people, or kids for that matter, read for the heck of it without proper comprehension. At a very early age, if students are given suitable tips and instructions, it is helpful for them to monitor their comprehension. The last being summarizing, that is remembering what is read and being able to connect to the main ideas and central plan.

Top-Down Method
A top-down approach is essentially very basic and for beginners. In this approach, you are supposed to break down the task into sections and sub-sections. These sections and sub-sections should then be given greater focus and concentration. This aims at reducing the entire process to absolutely specific and basic elements. For example, a chapter is cut down into smaller chapters and then focused upon. One can then monitor his comprehension and is able to review content. It makes it easier to know where lies the difficulty and when does he actually lose interest, hence, making it easy to fix these problems. It also makes them think and search. Reading small portions and identifying with the main idea does not tax them, and kids may find it interesting and would want to involve themselves more in the process.
Visual Representation Strategy
Kids are more fascinated with pictures in a book, therefore, a book with many pictures encourages them. Most of us must have seen the movie ‘Baby’s Day Out’. I know you must be wondering how is it even relevant, but remember the baby identifies every place he visits in the movie because of the book his nanny has read to him. Research shows that we remember things better in the pictorial form than data form. So encourage beginners to read books with pictures to keep them interested and glued to it. We all must have experienced that the ones with Venn-diagrams, storyboards, chain of events or distinction tables, make it further interesting and easy. To begin with, this idea is really good, and eventually, one can resort to heavy database books to improve vocabulary, fluency, and take up reading as a habit and not compulsion.